Blake's Notes

Month: January, 2014

4. The Moral Argument

Throughout history, theists and atheists alike have affirmed that if God does not exist, then there can be no such thing as objective morality.  Friedrich Nietzsche believed that the death of God implied nihilism.  Fyodor Dostoevsky said, “Without God, all things are permitted.”  And yet we all possess a common, mysterious sense of morality – the sense that some things are not merely convention, but that they are really wrong.

The Moral Argument is:

1.  If God does not exist, objective moral values do not exist.

2.  Objective moral values do exist.

3.  Therefore, God exists. Read the rest of this entry »


3. The Teleological Argument

In the last forty years, scientists have become increasingly aware of a truly amazing phenomenon.  They have been finding that many of the constants and quantities of nature are fine-tuned for the existence of life to a degree incomprehensible to the human mind.  There are about 24 such examples of fine-tuning – some improbable to a degree of 1 chance in 10; others improbable to a degree of 1 chance in 10123 (To give an idea of the immensity of these numbers, consider the fact that there are only around 1080 protons, neutrons and electrons in the known universe).  Each of these 24 examples of fine tuning is independent of the others and so their probabilities are compounded.  It is like if you had one chance to randomly pick the “winning” proton, neutron or electron from the known universe and you picked it correctly.  The improbability involved with the fine-tuning is far more improbable than even that. Read the rest of this entry »

2. The Kalam Cosmological Argument

The first piece of evidence is known as the Kalam Cosmological Argument.  “Kalam” is an Arabic word which means words and discourse as opposed to pure faith, and the reason that it has an Arabic name is because the foundation of this argument comes from the Middle Eastern philosopher, Al Ghazali, who lived around 1050 in Iran.

The argument is:

1.  Whatever begins to exist has a cause.

2.  The universe began to exist.

3.  Therefore, the universe has a cause.

This is a logically sound argument because premise one and premise two lead logically to the conclusion.  To disagree with the conclusion, you must show that at least one of the two premises is false. Read the rest of this entry »

1. Arguments & Proof

There is a prevailing view among atheists that since you cannot prove God’s existence, you would be irrational to believe in God.  Here in the scientific age, they say, we operate on proof and without proof, belief in the existence of God is equivalent to belief in the existence of unicorns.  After all, society used to believe in things like witches and fairies but now we follow a process called the scientific method whereby we use testing and observation to find truth.  The hypothesis that God exists has never been confirmed with the scientific method and so one would be irrational to believe in God.  The thought is that since a belief in God lies outside the process of the scientific method, it lies in the realm of illegitimate belief along with psychics, tarot cards and astrology. Read the rest of this entry »